If you’re interested in the stock market or creating an investment portfolio you’ve probably come across the word ‘diversification’ more than once. Investment experts use this word a lot when it comes to the share market, as a well-diversified portfolio can protect your assets if the market takes a downturn.
What is Diversification?
Diversification is an investment strategy that means acquiring not just one type of investment but a mixture of a wide variety in a portfolio. The rationale is that it’s very unlikely that all the investments will perform badly at once. For instance, it’s better to invest in shares on-shore as well as off-shore, because the local and overseas markets will have different economic factors affecting them.
However, the experts say it’s better to spread your investments even wider because the wider the spread of investments, the higher the returns and the less the risk factor that the portfolio will lose value. This means choosing a number of different investment vehicles, not just high-risk shares but low-risk fixed cash, bonds, and property. The combination of high-risk and low-risk investments averages out so you can weather most storms.
Note that this is under normal market conditions. In a stock market depression, even a well-diversified portfolio will lose value, but you may be more protected than someone who isn’t diversified.
How Can I Have a Diversified Portfolio?
If you have a limited investment budget you might think a well-diversified portfolio is out of your reach. It’s true that it is more difficult to achieve with a small amount of capital which is why managed funds are becoming increasingly popular.
A managed fund is a pool of money from numerous small investors that offers investments in shares, property, fixed interest, cash & more, and can be set up for as little as $500. There is usually an opportunity to invest a regular weekly amount or make a one-off contribution that goes into buying units. You earn dividends on your units quarterly or bi-annually depending on the type of fund, and these can be either reinvested or paid out.
These types of funds are generally operated by a manager, who invests the capital into different classes. A managed fund can be a convenient way to diversify investments without having to worry about shares, real estate, and savings which can be stressful for people who aren’t financially orientated.
You may also like to read my article “Portfolio Management in Uncertain Times“, published in October 2022.
Self-managing your portfolio
Financial Planning Software for Investments
If money isn’t an issue and you want to create a diversified self-managed portfolio then consider not putting all your eggs in one basket. If you invest in several asset classes, you could also further diversify within those classes. For instance, buying a mix of Australian and global shares, and in various industries is a tactic to lower your volatility. Diversification works best when different asset classes are not connected.
To help you keep track of your investments, and plan for the future, Financial Mappers provides the hub for your information and can calculate investment forecasts for up to 30 years.
Visit Financial Mappers to explore your options.
Are you ready to start your Financial Plan?
Glenis Phillips SF Fin – Designer of Financial Mappers
Here are some additional articles I have found for you:
- How to diversify your investment portfolio (Money Under 30 – USA)
- How to build a diversified portfolio (Morningstar – USA)